At this time, Excel for Mac does not offer the functionality of adding alternative text to images or graphical objects. This can be accomplished by adding concise alternative text to of each image. If an image is too complicated to concisely describe in the alternative text alone artwork, flowcharts, etc.
Alternatively, you can include the same information conveyed by the image within the body of the document, providing the images as an alternate to the text. In that case, you do not have to provide alternate text within the image. As you begin adding content, your spreadsheet will require structuring to bring meaning to the data, make it easier to navigate, and help assistive technologies read it accurately. One of the easiest ways to do this is to ensure that you properly format the cells.
At this time, Excel for Mac does not offer a Named Styles feature. Named styles help your readers understand why something was formatted in a given way, which is especially helpful when there are multiple reasons for the same formatting e. For more information on formatting using named styles, see Technique 9. Note: While office application suites support headings in much the same way, the named styles often differ.
Formatting header and result cells brings order to the spreadsheet and makes it easier for users to navigate effectively. You may also want to format cells containing results of calculations to appear bold and underlined to help distinguish them from the rest of your data. Ensure your cells are formatted to properly represent your data, including number and text attributes.
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Naming the different data ranges within your spreadsheet makes it easier to navigate through the document and find specific information. By associating a meaningful name to a data range, you will be enhancing the readability of your document. These named ranges can be referenced in multiple locations of your document and within calculations and equations.
Charts can be used to make data more understandable for some audiences. However, it is important to ensure that your chart is as accessible as possible to all members of your audience. All basic accessibility considerations that are applied to the rest of your document must also be applied to your charts and the elements within your charts. For example, use shape and color, rather than color alone, to convey information. As well, some further steps should be taken to ensure that the contents are your chart are appropriate labeled to give users reference points that will help them to correctly interpret the information.
As such, it is not a structural feature in the same way that tables are in Word While cell formatting is the most common method of structuring documents, other content structuring features should be used where appropriate:.
Create/use custom or default sheet templates in Mac Excel
In case the document is ever converted into HTML, it should be given a descriptive and meaningful title. Avoid "floating" elements other than charts such as floating images, objects, tables or text boxes. Similarly, avoid placing drawing objects directly into the document e. Instead, create borders with page layout tools and insert complete graphical objects. Office applications do typically include accessibility features such as the ability to magnify documents and support for high contrast modes. However, because printing is an important aspect of many workflows and changing font sizes directly will change documents details such the pagination, the layout of tables, etc.
The visual presentation of text and images of text should have a contrast ration of at least 4. To help you determine the contrast, here are some examples on a white background:. Also, always use a single solid color for a text background rather than a pattern. In order to determine whether the colors in your document have sufficient contrast, you can consult an online contrast checker, such as:. Color should not be used as the only visual means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element.
In order to spot where color might be the only visual means of conveying information, you can create a screenshot of the document and then view it with online gray-scale converting tools, such as:.
The instructions provided for understanding and operating content should not rely solely on sensory characteristics such as the color or shape of content elements. Here are two examples:. Before you use an image to control the presentation of text e. If this is not possible, as with logos containing stylized text, make sure to provide alternative text for the image following the techniques noted above. By taking the time to design your content in a consistent way, it will be easier to access, navigate and interpret for all users:.
Provide a general description of the spreadsheet contents and instructions on how to navigate the data effectively. The best way to do this is to make a cell at the beginning of the data e. It will be the first cell accessed by assistive technologies. If you are using this cell for a label or data, you can attach a comment note to the cell containing navigational instructions. At this time, Excel for Mac does not offer a mechanism to check for potential accessibility errors in your document prior to publishing.
Another option is to save the document into HTML format and use one of the web accessibility checkers available online. Such as:. Note: Before saving in other formats, you may want to run the Compatibility Report feature by selecting Compatibility Report… from the Save As dialog.
Create and use your own template in Office for Mac
This checks the compatibility of your existing document with the format you have selected save your document as. The results of this check are revealed in the Compatibility Report dialog, where you have explanations of errors and options to fix them. Users have seen the problem affect even relatively new Type codes, however, such as 'W6BN'.
Microsoft is apparently looking into the problem, but it is unclear if they will reinstate the older Type codes, citing security concerns. Another problem with cross-platform compatibility is that images inserted into any Office application by using either cut and paste or drag and drop result in a file that does not display the inserted graphic when viewed on a Windows machine.
A user presented one solution as far back as December A further example of the lack of feature parity is the track changes function. Whereas users of Word or for Windows are able to choose freely between showing their changes in-line or as balloons in the right-hand margin,   choosing the former option in Word or Word for Mac OS also turns off all comment balloons; comments in this case are visible only in the Reviewing Pane or as popup boxes i. The toolbox found in Office also has problems when the OS X feature Spaces is used: switching from one Space to another will cause elements of the Toolbox to get trapped on one Space until the Toolbox is closed and reopened.
The only remedy for this problem is to currently disable Spaces, or at least refrain from using it whilst working in Office Apple has been informed of the problem, according to Microsoft.
Templates for MS Excel
In addition, there is no support for right to left and bidirectional languages such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, etc. Languages such as Thai are similarly not supported, although installing fonts can sometimes allow documents written in these languages to be displayed. At the same time, Office applications are not integrated with the proofing tools native to Mac OS X Microsoft Visio is not available for OS X.
This means that any embedded Visio diagrams in other Office documents e. Word cannot be edited in Office on the Mac. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 10, January 15, Retrieved January 5, January 9, Archived from the original on October 11, August 2, April 2, Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved September 19, August 8, June 26, August 29, May 13, March 13, Archived from the original on June 26, Retrieved June 30, Archived from the original on July 2, Retrieved July 9, May 7,